Nessebar in Bulgaria

Bulgaria is one of the most popular destinations in Europe and has recently attracted more and more tourists. Many Germans have even created a second residence there. The real estate prices are very attractive compared to Germany and you get much more for your money than here. One of the most popular cities in this country is Nessebar. The city offers everything you could want from a sunny vacation spot, numerous sights, many good restaurants and an active nightlife. Everyone gets their money’s worth, whether party vacationers or culture enthusiasts. Culinary visitors will also be delighted, the numerous typical dishes have already spoiled countless palates from all over the world. This article will introduce you to the advantages of this city and explain the finer points during a stay. Don’t make the mistake of booking just a few days, there is far too much to see and you will regret your decision later. Therefore, take at least a week to explore the city and its surroundings extensively. If you have not been to this country before this place is a good choice. There is hardly anyone who visits Bulgaria and does not want to travel to this hospitable country again.

This spot on the map is undoubtedly one of the most beautiful cities on the Black Sea coast. Majestic white rocks, blue sea, golden sand and endless beaches surrounded by sand dunes – a real diamond. Anyone who sees this place for the first time up close will immediately fall in love. The photos in the travel catalogs or on various Internet portals hardly do justice to the reality. You have to experience the flair and the picturesque landscape of this coast first hand. There is definitely danger of addiction after the first visit to Nessebar. It would be nice if this place would keep its charm for several decades and the big rush of mass tourism stays away.

The city is located on a small peninsula in the Black Sea, connected to the land only by a long and narrow isthmus. It has existed for more than 9,000 years. The place is best known for the old town on the peninsula. No one can say for sure exactly when it was built. Most and best known buildings date back to the 11th-14th centuries and almost all churches are surrounded by beautiful walls and arches, with ornaments made of stone, brick and ceramics.

The eighteenth century was a splendid era for the inhabitants of this place and many of them were able to build a new house. The first floor was made of solid stone and was intended to house livestock and store wine and wheat. The upper floor was made of wood and that was where the family was housed. You can see some of the well-preserved old houses in the beautiful old town today. In the summer it gets quite crowded during the day, but if you get there before nine o’clock, you have the place almost to yourself.

One of the churches has breathtakingly beautiful facades and interiors and is one of the best preserved on the Balkan Peninsula. Today the old town has regained its original romantic atmosphere: narrow cobblestone streets, tiny squares, two-story historic houses with stone-paved first floors and wooden upper floors overhanging the streets, moreover outdoor staircases, souvenir stores, pubs, taverns and beautiful flower gardens. The churches date back to different centuries. The best preserved is the church of Saint Sophia. 

Due to the fact that this city is known mainly as a seaside resort, most of the local hotels are built in close proximity to the coast. On the territory of each hotel there is a beach, a number of restaurants and stores. In addition, the well-equipped beaches of the town offer the possibility of renting sports equipment. Here you can find everything you need for diving and surfing. Each hotel in the town has swimming pools, a steam bath, a sauna, modern gyms, fitness centers and often even a tennis court. The place has quite a small beach in the older part of town and two bigger beaches in the new part of the settlement – the North Beach and the South Beach. You don’t have to just lie on the beach and relax. Equipment for diving, kite surfing or snorkeling are available at every beach section in the city. If the sea alone is not enough for you, visit the slides of the aqua park. There are slides for all levels of difficulty. 

Party vacationers will not be bored here, because when darkness falls over the city, there are numerous bars and nightclubs in the place. Ravda is very popular especially among young Bulgarians and full of students, cheap food, bars and clubs. Sunny beach is synonymous with summer beach parties in Bulgaria. It is just a few kilometers away from the city and is famous for its night parties. During the Solar Summer Festival on Sunny Beach, well-known electronic and house DJs play at the Cacao Beach Bar. Just a few minutes away, there is one of the most beautiful blue flag beaches in Bulgaria and a magnificent marina. It is a luxury resort with expensive hotels and many yachts. Do not forget to visit local restaurants, which are worth a real discovery for lovers of exotic dishes. A distinctive feature of the local cuisine is the wide range of dishes with seafood. Here you can try grilled lobster tail, frog legs, mussels in batter, shark meat, shrimp cocktails and many other delicacies. Of course, there are also restaurants serving traditional European dishes. The locals are famous for their soup made from regional fish species, which you can now taste in most restaurants in this place. Be sure to try the shark specialties and fried fish.

Sights are mostly located in the old town, built on the beautiful, picturesque island. Here everything is simply immersed in the atmosphere of peace and romance. All the buildings of this part of the city were built in the Middle Ages. On the territory of the city there are 40 ancient monasteries and churches, mostly built in the 5th-6th centuries. You can also visit the ruins of the fortress wall.

On the border between the historical and the new quarter (between the old and the new town) there is an old windmill, which is considered one of the main symbols of this place. The base of the mill is made of stone, while all other parts are completely made of wood, which makes the historical monument even more unique. Today the mill is open to the public, on the second floor there is the room where the flour was stored. On the second floor there are rooms where the miller’s family lived and on the third floor you can see the preserved millstone mechanism. There are many benches around the windmill to take a seat and enjoy the view. 

In the old town you can visit the Archaeological Museum, which contains valuable finds discovered by archaeologists exploring the city. Opened in 1994, the museum has an extensive exhibition on four floors. Of particular interest are collections of ancient jewelry and coins. The museum also displays ancient utensils, antique sculptures and ship equipment. A red-dotted, self-guided cultural route starts at the museum and takes in all the major sights of the old town. The city has been fortified since Roman times. Today in the city you can see remains of fortresses of different eras. 

Today, many of the ancient churches of Nessebar are under the protection of UNESCO World Heritage. Special attention should be paid to the 12th century church of St. Paraskeva, which has preserved unique elements of ancient decoration in its walls. Another unique architectural monument is the Church of St. Stephen, built in the 11th century, while the Church of Christ Pantocrator is a striking example of medieval architecture. Despite the fact that this church is about 500 years old, the original appearance of the temple has been preserved.

There is also a beautiful mansion from the 19th century, which once belonged to a rich merchant family. The collection consists of very valuable and interesting exhibits: Here you can find elegant antique furniture, unique handicrafts, works of art, as well as old costumes and household items. In front of the museum there is a small square, where interesting entertainment events are always held on holidays. 

The city has also preserved the ruins of the Byzantine baths, which are of great historical value. They were built in the 6th century under Emperor Justinian I. The historical complex is only partially preserved. According to historical data, the baths were often visited by emperors. Also be sure to visit the seaside salt works near Pomorie and learn all about the extraction of salt in the Salt Museum. Watch the ancient process of evaporation of sea water to obtain salt or book a healing mud treatment.

Conclusion: This city is definitely worth a visit. The many possibilities to spend a vacation there are ingenious. You can admire one of the many sights during the day and end the day in one of the many restaurants in the city. If you still haven’t had enough, you can enjoy a cocktail in a bar and listen to the sea breeze. Once you have been there, you will definitely come back and maybe even think about retiring there to enjoy your retirement. Also as an investment, a property in this city is a good choice, the emerging place will attract many more tourists in the future. Currently, it is still more of an insider tip.

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